Sinapis alba is the latin name for white mustard, which is well known to European and Russian farmers. It is named in this way because of the distinctive color of the seeds – white. It is the most important honey plant.
Sinapis alba is the basis for the production of sauces, mayonnaise, condiments and mustard – products that are popular in Europe.
Oriental mustard, or yellow mustard, is cultivated in most cases because of the oil contained in the seeds, and as a spice. It is used as a component in the preparation of sauces, including hollandaise sauce, mayonnaise and mustard as a traditional seasoning. It is also one of the most important honey plants, a source of nectar and honey pollen.
Brassica nigra (black mustard) is cultivated for the preparation of mustard powder and essential oil. It is grown on fertile soils, the quality of which it is very demanding. It is also used in pharmacology, as a medicinal product, due to its stimulating properties and high content of essential and fatty oils.